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Finding the important balance between appropriate antimicrobial consumption and adopting strategies to reduce antimicrobial resistance

An interesting study about the challenges the world faces in making antibiotics accessible to everyone while tackling antibiotic resistance caused by misuse of antibiotics has been made by Laxminarayan et al. and published recently in Lancet.

The study focuses on the life expectancy and number of deaths in children under 5 years in low income and lower income countries.
Effective antibiotics are essential element of human health, but ever-higher rates of antibiotic use and unnecessary use are declining their effectiveness, causing resistance, and threatens to erase decades of progress in medicine, food, security and public health. There are increasingly patients who do not respond to any known class of antibiotics. Antibiotic resistance has threatened also improvement made in child survival in low income countries; estimate of neonatal sepsis deaths is 214 000 each year. The challenge of expanding appropriate access to antimicrobials while restricting inappropriate use at the same time, is a global health issue and requires new approaches.

Read full article: Laxminarayan R, Matsoso P, Pant S, et al. Access to effective antimicrobials: a worldwide challenge, Lancet 2016;287:168-75.